The Rhetorical Triangle

The Rhetorical Triangle allows you to effectively analyze different texts and arguments for their rhetorical strategies and devices. The aim is to breakdown the text to understand it in small, manageable parts. Remember, just because the author says something, it does not make it true or even valid. Use critical thinking to understand why!

The rhetorical triangle: made up of three components which are present in any persuasive process:

  • Author: the person who generates text
  • Audience: the person/people who receive/s text
  • Text:the message being conveyed from the author to the audience

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Use the rhetorical triangle to read, understand, and analyze challenging texts. The level of your writing should be a direct reflection of your critical thinking.

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Check out our rhetorical triangle worksheet on TpT!

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AP Language and Composition Readings

Here is a sampling of my Advanced Placement (AP) Language and Composition curricula. I only have students for one semester, so I vary the focus; however, from the moment that they enter my classroom, students read, synthesize, and analyze works from a variety of different time periods and genres.

Per the College Board, I emphasize nonfiction, though I embed poetry and fiction to not only to jazz up the readings but also to show that even fantasy can be truer of human nature than a historical document.

Selected Readings

Unit One

Writer’s Focus: Narration and Argumentation; Rhetorical Triangle

Themes:  History of America from Different Sociohistorical Perspectives

  1. The U.S. Constitution
  2. Common Sense” by Thomas Paine (Abridged)
  3. “That Word Black” by Langston Hughes
  4. “The Word Police” by Michiko Kakutani
  5. “What’s Your Name, Girl” by Maya Angelou
  6. “Tragedy and the Common Man” by Arthur Miller
  7. “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” by Jonathan Edwards
  8. “Good Readers and Writers” by Vladimir Nabokov
  9. “For You, O Democracy” by Walt Whitman
  10. “The Knife” by Richard Selzer
  11. “The Politics of the English Language” by George Orwell
  12. “Education by Poetry” by Robert Frost
  13. “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou
  14. “How to Tame a Wild Tongue” by Anzaldua Gloria

Unit Two

Writer’s Focus: Characterization, Syntax/Structure, Style, Tone

Themes:  Romanticism and Transcendentalism

  1. “The Fall of the House of Usher” by Edgar Allan Poe
  2. “Because I could not stop for Death” by Emily Dickinson
  3. “Sleepy Hollow” by Washington Irving
  4. “Rip Van Winkle” by Washington Irving
  5. “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe
  6. “Philosophy of Composition” by Edgar Allan Poe
  7. “Shooting an Elephant” by George Orwell
  8. “Civil Disobedience” by Henry David Thoreau
  9. “Self-Reliance” by Ralph Waldo Emerson
  10. “Reflections on Ghandi” by George Orwell
  11. “The Snows of Kilimanjaro” by Ernest Hemingway
  12. “Save the Whales, Screw the Shrimp” by
  13. “The Land Ethic” by Leopold Aldo
  14. “What Do Students Need to Know About Rhetoric?” by Hepzibah Roskelly
  15. “The Stranger in the Photo Is Me” by Donald M. Murray

Unit Three

Writer’s Focus: Imagery and Diction; Visual Analysis

Themes: Modernism, The American Dream and A New Identity

  1. “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” by T.S. Eliot
  2. “Notes on a Native Son” by James Baldwin
  3. “On Self-Respect” by Joan Didion
  4. “Happy Endings” by Margaret Atwood
  5. “The Myth of the Latin Woman:  I Just Met a Girl Named Maria” by Judith Ortiz Coffer
  6. “Me Talk Pretty One Day” by David Sedaris
  7. “What I think and Feel at 25” by F. Scott Fitzgerald
  8. Read “The Libido for the Ugly” H.L. Mencken
  9. “The Nature of Liberty” by H.L. Mencken
  10. “Waste” by Wendell Berry
  11. “Getting In” by Malcolm Gladwell
  12. “How to Detect Propaganda” by The Institute for Propaganda Analysis
  13. “The Four Freedoms” by Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Unit Four

Writer’s Focus: Occasion; Context; Purpose; Point-of-View

Themes: Gender

  1. “Daddy” by Sylvia Plath
  2. “In Search of Our Mothers’ Gardens” by Alive Walker
  3. “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman
  4. Excerpt “A Vindication of the Rights of Women” by Mary Wollstonecraft
  5. “A Modest Proposal” by Jonathan Swift
  6. “The Ways We Lie” by Stephanie Ericsson
  7. “Nobel Lecture” by Wangari Maathai
  8. “Allegory of the Cave” by Plato
  9. “Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions” by Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  10. “The Vietnam Syndrome” by Christopher Hitchens
  11. “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” by Joyce Carol Oates
  12. “Once More to the Lake” by E.B. White
  13. “Agent Orange” by Christopher Hitchens
  14. “A Few Words About Breasts” by Nora Ephron
  15. “Mind over Muscle” by David Brooks
  16. Malboro Man, Visual Analysis
  17. “Being a Man” by Paul Theroux

Textbooks

Shea, Renée, Lawrence Scanlon, and Robin Dissin Aufses. The Language of Composition.

Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s.

Strunk, William, Jr., and E. B. White. Elements of Style. New York: Longman.

to a new beginning

“To see a world in a grain of sand and heaven in a wild flower, hold infinity in the palms of your hand and eternity in an hour.” -William Blake

They say life has an unusual way of coming full circle, yet my path has been mystically oblong with throws of hard fought lessons and humbling experiences. However, through it all, what has most grounded me is the ability to constantly see light in a young person’s eyes. A twinkle here or there amid the tumults of life, and, in those quiet a-ha moments, I feel at ease knowing that I have served others in their pursuit of happiness.

I am rejuvenating my efforts to create a blog for my start-up nonprofit “Arrow.” I chose the moniker of an arrow for its simplicity of life constantly pulling me in new directions, sometimes backwards, sometimes forwards- but never towards the same space. With Arrow, my mission is to increase college access and attainment for all students regardless of race, ethnicity, or creed.

As a result, this blog will have several foci:  educational pedagogy, college tips and updates, and minor infusions of lifestyle pieces as I catalog my journey.

Thank you for joining me on my adventure!

xx-Jennifer